15 AMAZING FACTS ABOUT DIAMONDS
- The word diamond derives from the Greek word “ADAMAS,” which means invincible or indestructible.
- Diamonds are the very hardest natural substance. The only thing that can scratch a diamond is another diamond.
- Diamonds are created at a depth of about 100-150 miles below ground and are carried to the earth’s surface by deep volcanic eruptions.
- Diamonds are billions of years old—some Diamonds are more than three billion years old.
- Incredibly, the diamond is the only gemstone made of just one element – carbon.
- A rough diamond looks so much like a pebble that most people would pass it by without a second glance.
- More than 250 tons of ore need to be blasted, crushed and processed to produce just one carat of rough diamond.
- In one thousand polished diamonds, only one will weigh more than one carat.
- Eighty percent of the world’s diamonds are not suitable for jewelry. These are used for industrial purposes.
- America buys more than half of the world’s total gem-quality diamonds, accounting for the world’s largest diamond market .
- The first man to propose with a diamond ring was Archduke Maximilian of Austria who proposed to Mary of Burgundy in 1477 with a ring encrusted with thin, flat pieces of diamonds in the shape of an “M”.
- The largest Diamond ever found is the Cullinan with 3,106 carats.
- Diamonds were first mined in India over 2,800 years ago.
- Many ancient cultures believed that diamonds gave the wearer strength and courage during battle, and some kings wore diamonds on their armor as they rode into battle.
- Many people expect a diamond to be unbreakable. This is not true. A diamond’s crystal structure has ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ directions. A blow of sufficient force, in a very exact direction, can crack, chip, split or even shatter a diamond.