1. The word diamond derives from the Greek word “ADAMAS,” which means invincible or indestructible.
  2. Diamonds are the very hardest natural substance. The only thing that can scratch a diamond is another diamond.
  3. Diamonds are created at a depth of about 100-150 miles below ground and are carried to the earth’s surface by deep volcanic eruptions.
  4. Diamonds are billions of years old—some Diamonds are more than three billion years old.
  5. Incredibly, the diamond is the only gemstone made of just one element – carbon.
  6. A rough diamond looks so much like a pebble that most people would pass it by without a second glance.
  7. More than 250 tons of ore need to be blasted, crushed and processed to produce just one carat of rough diamond.
  8. In one thousand polished diamonds, only one will weigh more than one carat.
  9. Eighty percent of the world’s diamonds are not suitable for jewelry. These are used for industrial purposes.
  10. America buys more than half of the world’s total gem-quality diamonds, accounting for the world’s largest diamond market .
  11. The first man to propose with a diamond ring was Archduke Maximilian of Austria who proposed to Mary of Burgundy in 1477 with a ring encrusted with thin, flat pieces of diamonds in the shape of an “M”.
  12. The largest Diamond ever found is the Cullinan with 3,106 carats.
  13. Diamonds were first mined in India over 2,800 years ago.
  14. Many ancient cultures believed that diamonds gave the wearer strength and courage during battle, and some kings wore diamonds on their armor as they rode into battle.
  15. Many people expect a diamond to be unbreakable. This is not true. A diamond’s crystal structure has ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ directions. A blow of sufficient force, in a very exact direction, can crack, chip, split or even shatter a diamond.
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